A new US$600 million anthracite coal mine has been developed in northwest British Columbia by Australian miner Atrum Coal, which invested US$40 million into the project.
As was reported in our sister site Business Review Australia, Atrum’s Groundhog anthracite project has resources of over 1.5 billion tonnes of ultra-high grade anthracite, which is the commodity used in making steel, ferro-alloys and specialty industrial markets.
While the majority of metallurgical coal is first turned into coke before being used in making steel, Anthracite is the highest grade coal in the world because it doesn’t need to be transformed into coke first. Unlike regular metallurgical coal, anthracite coal prices have remained twice the price of regular met coal through the struggles of the industry.
Because of this, Atrum expects a strong demand for the low-ash, low-volatile anthracite. The commodity has already received strong interest in Brazil and North America from potential consumers of high-grade anthracite.
Atrum vice president of marketing and business development Peter Doyle believes the deposit in and around the Groundhog mine is the largest undeveloped anthracite deposit in the world, and has the potential to become multiple underground mines.
In addition, Canada’s investment climate for mining is admittedly better than it is in Australia.
“Why do we as Australians believe Canada has the advantage? Basically, there is great coal here, there is great infrastructure here, but moreover, the government supports us here,” said Doyle.
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The project includes a 5.4 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa) run –of-mine (ROM) underground operation, and is believed to have a mine life of 38 years. Site preparation work began in July 2014 with the goal of clearing the site to allow movement of the heavy equipment. Commercial production is anticipated to begin in the second half of 2016.
Atrum Coal signed a binding equipment finance agreement with China Coal Technology & Engineering for the supply and finance of mining equipment for the project. Under the agreement, CCTE will provide US$100 million for the first stage of production finances in addition to supplying the mining equipment.
It also proposed to provide US$250 million to expand the underground mine to 5.4Mtpa steady state production beyond 2017 production rates, and finance further mine expansions in the Groundhog North zone.
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Atrum has long-term plans of developing several underground anthracite coal mines, and intends to complete the process by transporting the coal through the Port of Stewart. The company has already signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Stewart World Port to move five million tonnes of shipping capacity each year.
Stewart is located just 150 kilometres frm the mining site, but there is a plan in place to build a railway link to allow the coal to be transported by rail to an existing road before being moved by truck since there is no direct connection between the two.
Anthracite sells for US$175 a tonne in Europe, while the met coal price of US$90 per tonne is less than a third of what the price was four years ago.